What is Cosmelan Depigmentation?
Brown spots on the cheeks, temples, and forehead are often caused by too much sun exposure, natural effects of aging, severe acne, and use of contraceptive pills. Contrary to popular belief, even dark-skinned people can also have this problem because of their predisposition to hyperpigmentation.
In order to remove the brown patches on the skin and improve one’s complexion, Cosmelan depigmentation is one of the most commonly used treatments nowadays, although some doctors still suggest chemical peels if the hyperpigmentation is caused by acne scars.
Cosmelan is designed to slow down the production of melanin, a natural pigment found in the skin. In the case of hyperpigmentation, the cells that produce this substance become overactive, resulting to brown patches and other blemishes. To correct this problem, the treatment blocks the enzyme from producing too much melanin so the spots will eventually disappear or at least become less noticeable.
Cosmelan Depigmentation Treatment
The procedure consists of two phases: the first is performed in the doctor’s office by a medical professional and the second is a maintenance treatment conducted by a patient at her home. During the in-office session, the face is cleansed with a solution to remove the oil and allow the Cosmelan cream to penetrate into the deep layers of the skin. After this, the skin is applied with a liberal amount of the product which is left for several hours, depending on the severity of the brown spots and blemishes.
Once the treatment is completed, the patients are required to apply Cosmelan creams (including a sunscreen to protect their skin from the UV rays) for at least three weeks or until they see a dramatic improvement.
Result After Using Cosmelan Products
A week after the treatment, most patients can see a noticeable improvement in their skin, although it is not uncommon to experience temporary flaking of the skin and redness as the new tissues start to grow. As the days go by, the dark spots and blemishes become less and less apparent and the complexion starts to look smoother and more vibrant.
What to Avoid During the Treatment
While using Cosmelan, other treatments should be stopped as they may compromise the result. And in case a patient is using skincare products with glycolic acid, she should stop this at least one week prior to using the depigmentation creams. In order to achieve the best possible result, Cosmelan creams must be continued at home and should be used as prescribed by a medical professional or physician.
How to Achieve the Best Result
The Cosmelan treatment must not be interrupted under any circumstances to achieve the best result. In addition, a patient should visit her doctor eight days after the initial treatment, and 15 days after, and then subsequently every month.
While the treatment can significantly improve the skin’s appearance, the dark spots and blemishes may return if a patient will not take care of her skin. For this reason, it is important to always use sunscreen with a high SPF, wide-brimmed hat, and/or umbrella when going outdoor.